Fogel Grip was a full-rigged pinnace. Originally built in the Netherlands in the early 17th century the ship was bought by the Swedish "New Sweden Company" in 1636 or 1637. She was used on the first Swedish expedition in 1637 together with the Kalmar Nyckel to establish the colony of New Sweden in North America. In 1639, the Fogel Grip was shipwrecked on a sand shoal in Gothenburg harbor during a storm and abandoned.
The Constant Warwick was a 32-gun fourth rate frigate which served in the English Royal Navy, built by Peter Pett I at Ratcliff and launched in 1645. She was built as a Private Armed Ship for the Earl of Warwick and was later purchased by the navy. She was captured in 1691 off Portugal by a French squadron.
Lyon was an English ship that transported pilgrims from London to New England. On her most famous voyage Lyon was captained by William Peirce, and sailed from London June 22, 1632 and arrived September 16, 1632 at Boston and transported 123 passengers. Lyon made four voyages to New England in: 1630, 1631 and two in 1632. She hit a reef on April 10, 1633 and sank.
HMS Swan was a 200-ton warship of the English navy, launched in 1641. She was fighting for the Royalists in the English Civil War until 1645 when her crew changed sides and she became a part of Oliver Cromwell's fleet. She was wrecked off the Duart Castle, Scotland in 1653.
San Antonio was one of the five ships that took part on the Spanish expedition of Fernão de Magalhães in 1519-1522. Due to a mutiny San Antonio deserted the expedition during the navigation of the Straits of Magellan and returned to Europe on her own.
Santa Catarina was a Portuguese merchant ship. She is known for being seized by the Dutch East India Company in 1603 near Singapore. Laden with valuable goods from China and Japan she became a rich prize for the dutch Admiral Jacob van Heemskerk. However, such an act could be considered piracy. So the Dutch tried to justificate this action in a complex document written by a young lawyer. This treatise has laid down some of the roots of the international maritime law.
The Princess Amelia was a Dutch merchant ship in the service of the Dutch West India Company, launched in 1634. When it sailed from Manhattan to Amsterdam in 1647 the captain ran the ship aground off Mumbles Point, Wales where the ship broke apart.
Flor De La Mar was a Portuguese nau (carrack) of 400 tons. She was built as a cargo ship intended for the India run, the sea route from Portugal to India around the Cape of Good Hope. Later she was used by Afonso de Albuquerque in his patrol in the Arabian sea and participated on the Portuguese conquests in this area. She sank in November 1511 carrying 60 tons of gold and 200 chests filled with gems.
Preston was a fourth-rate frigate originally built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England, launched in 1653. After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, her name was changed to Antelope and she became a part of the English Royal Navy. As Antelope she took part in the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars and the Battle of Bantry Bay in 1689. She was sold out of the navy in 1693.
Trinidad was Fernão de Magalhães's flagship on his voyage to circumnavigate the world. From Magalhães's original fleet of 6 ships only Trinidad and Victoria reached the goal of the voyage, the Spice Islands. However, Trinidad started taking on water shortly after. After she underwent repairs and set off back to Spain heading East, she was captured by the Portuguese, and was eventually wrecked in a storm in 1523.
Couronne was a ship of the French Navy built on the order of Cardinal Richelieu. She was the first major warship to be built by the French themselves, after a series of warships had been built by the Dutch. She was launched in 1636. Couronne took part in the Battle of Guetaria in 1638, and another expedition to Spain in 1639. The ship was scrapped in 1645.
An English warship built on the request of Henry VIII in 1511. She served 34 years in the Tudor Navy and was part of the fleet in three wars. She sank in the battle of Solent in 1545. The cause of sinking is not clear. The main opinions are that she sank after the French attack or that she keeled over due to being unstable.
Golden Lion was a ship of the English Tudor navy, launched in 1557. She fought in the battle with Spanish Armada in 1588 and took part in the expedition to Azores in 1597. She was sold out of the navy in 1698.
HMS Tartar was a 28-gun sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy, launched in 1756. She was in active service during the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War. HMS Tartar was wrecked off Hispaniola in 1797.
Adler von Lübeck was a war galleon from the Hanseatic city of Lübeck, Germany, launched in 1566. She was one of the largest ships in the world at her time. Despite being built as a warship intended to fight in the Northern Seven Years' War with Sweden, she never served this purpose. The war ended shortly after her completion in 1570 and the warship was converted into a freighter. She was disassembled after 20 years of service.
La Réale was a French galley, and the flagship of the French galley fleet under Louis XIV. She was launched in April 1694. She had a crew of 550 men, which was larger than normal fleet galleys. La Réale was propelled by sails and oars combined. She had 30 pairs of oars, 6 rowers per each oar. She was decommissioned in 1720.
Calhoun was built in 1851 at New York City as Cuba. During the Civil War, she was commissioned by the Confederate Navy as a privateer. In January 1862, Calhoun was captured by the Union ship Colorado. In the Union Navy, she was assigned to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron. In 1864, Calhoun was sold to the Union Army and renamed General Sedgewick. After the war, she regained her old name Calhoun and returned to civilian service.
Something of interesting note, the ship is pictured here from the back. The front is facing away from us, while the back is towards us.
The Nantwich was a 40-gun fourth-rate frigate of the English Royal Navy, launched in 1654. She fought in the Battle of Santa Cruz in 1657. After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, she was renamed HMS Breda and took part in the second Anglo-Dutch War. She was wrecked on the Dutch coast in 1666.
Golden Hind was an English galleon originally named Pelican, launched in 1577. She was renamed by Sir Francis Drake who used her as a flagship to circumnavigate the globe in 1577-1580. After the return to London the ship was maintained for public exhibition in Deptford. She remained there for nearly 100 years after which she rotted and was broken up.
The Phoenix was a wooden steamship built in 1845 in the United States. She was built with the then-new technology of twin screw propellers instead of side-mounted paddlewheels. She carried passengers and package freight on the Great Lakes between Buffalo and Chicago. Phoenix burned and sank on Lake Michigan on 21 November 1847.
Ark Royal was an English galleon, launched in 1587 as Ark Raleigh. She was originally ordered for Sir Walter Raleigh and later purchased for service in the Tudor Navy and renamed Ark Royal. She fought against the Spanish Armada in 1588 where she was the flagship of Lord High Admiral Howard. Ark Royal served as the flagship in several battles after that. She was renamed Anne Royal in 1608. In 1636 she struck her own anchor and sank in a river. After raising her up she was found damaged beyond repair, and subsequently broken up in 1638.
Also known as Great Harry, she was an English carrack in the Tudor navy, launched in 1514. She was the first English two-decker and when launched she was, at 1500 tons burthen, the largest and most powerful warship in Europe. Due to instability and difficult maneuvering she was remodeled in 1536. She was used more as a diplomatic vessel than as a warship in battles. However, she was present at the Battle of the Solent against French forces in 1545.
Originally called Naseby, HMS Royal Charles was built by Peter Pett, and launched in 1655 for the navy of the Commonwealth of England. She was a 80-gun first-rate three-decker ship of the line. She was renamed in 1660 and joined the Royal Navy. As Royal Charles she took part in the Second Anglo-Dutch War. She was captured by the Dutch in 1667 and later sold for scrap.
SS Savannah was an American side wheel steamer with sails, launched 1819. She was the first steamer to cross the Atlantic Ocean in May-June 1819. Her steam engine was removed after finishing the transatlantic voyage and returning to America. Afterwards she served as a sailing cargo ship operating between New York and Savannah, Georgia. SS Savannah ran aground near Long Island in 1921.
Fairfax was a third-rate frigate of the Commonwealth of England, built by Peter Pett at Deptford Dockyard, launched in 1650. Fairfax participated in the Battle of Dover and the Battle of Portland. In 1653 Fairfax was accidentally set alight and burned beyond repair at Chatham Dockyard.
Rainbow was a galleon of the English Tudor navy, built by Peter Pett, and launched in 1586. She fought against the Spanish Armada in 1588 and in all three Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century. She was sank in 1680.
SS California was built for the Pacific Mail Steamship Company based in New York in 1848. She provided mail, passenger, and freight service between Panama, California and Oregon. She was one of the first steamships active in the Pacific Ocean. In 1875 California was converted into a sailing ship and her engine removed. Afterwards she was used for hauling coal and lumber. California was wrecked near the coast of Peru in 1895.
She was a Portuguese carrack of 900 tons wrecked in April 1554 near the mouth of the Msikaba River on the coast of South Africa. The ship had left India and was en route to Lisbon with a cargo of spices, coconuts, silks and other luxury goods.
Elise, originally named Margery, was a small steamship constructed in Dumbarton, Scotland, in 1814. She was the first steamship to cross the English Channel. Frenchman Pierre Andriel purchased her in 1815 and renamed her Ã‰lise. He completed the voyage from New Haven to Le Havre on 17 March 1816.