The carrack Anunciada was part of the Spanish Armada fleet that attacked England in 1588. After the unsuccessful attack she escaped the British and planned to return home. She was damaged in a storm and leaking badly. Attempts to repair her failed and she was abandoned and set on fire.
Originally named Date Maru was one of Japan's first Japanese-built Western-style sailing ships. She was of the Spanish galleon type, built by Date Masamune and launched in 1613. Upon completion she crossed the Pacific and arrived in Acapulco, Mexico transporting a Japanese diplomatic mission to the Vatican. From Mexico she returned to Japan while the embassy continued to Europe. In 1616 she headed for Acapulco again. On the way back she arrived at Philippines, where she was sold to the local Spanish government.
Victoria was the first ship to successfully circumnavigate the world. The Spanish carrack was a part of the expedition of the Portuguese explorer Fernão de Magalhães in 1519-1522. It was the only one of the 5 ships to successfully return to Spain. Afterwards she was bought by a merchant shipper and sailed across Atlantic. She got lost on a trip from the Antilles to Seville in 1570.
The Antelope was a ship of the English Tudor navy, launched in 1546. She was rebuilt three times, in 1558, 1581 and 1618. She was a part of the fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. She served also in the English Civil War where she was destroyed in 1649.
She was launched in 1764 as the collier (cargo ship for coal) Earl of Pembroke. After being purchased by the Royal Navy in 1768 she was renamed to HM Bark Endeavor. She was purchased for the mission of exploring the Pacific Ocean and the seas around Australia and departed in August 1768 commanded by James Cook. In April 1770, Endeavor became the first ship to reach the east coast of Australia. She returned to England on 21 July 1771. After that Endeavor spent the next three years sailing to and from the Falkland Islands. Sold into private hands in 1775, and later renamed as Lord Sandwich, she was hired as a British troop transport during the American War of Independence. She sank in a blockade of Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, in 1778.
Britannia was a British steamer launched in 1840. She was an ocean liner of the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, an operator of passenger ships in the North Atlantic presently known as Cunard Line. In 1849 she was sold to the German Confederation Navy and was renamed SMS Barbarossa. She served as the flagship of the German fleet in the Battle of Helgoland. In 1852 she was transferred to the Prussian Navy and used as a barracks ship at Danzig. In 1880 she was decommissioned from the Prussian Navy and sunk as a target practice ship.
Bona Esperanza was a ship used by the English explorer, Sir Hugh Willoughby. On 10 May 1553 he sailed on Bona Esperanza to search for the Northeast Passage to Asia through the Arctic. The fleet consisted of two other ships: the Edward Bonaventure and the Bona Confidentia. The Bona Esperanza was later discovered by Russian fishermen anchored on the Lapland coast with the whole crew, including Willoughby, dead. The ship was returned to England, however a storm caught them on the way and she sank.
La Belle was a barque-longue, with three masts and tonnage of 40-45 tons. She was used as the flagship by the French explorer Robert de La Salle when he explored the Gulf of Mexico with the mission of starting a French colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1685. La Belle was wrecked in present-day Matagorda Bay the following year. The wreck was discovered in 1995 and excavated.
SS President was a British passenger liner used to cross the North Atlantic. She was the largest passenger ship in the world at the time of her launching in 1840. However, she was underpowered and very slow. She foundered on her third return voyage from New York during a storm in 1841.
Torrington was built by shipwright Henry Johnson at Blackwall Yard, London, and launched in 1654. She was a 52-gun third-rate ship, later renamed HMS Dreadnought. After an active career in both the Second Anglo-Dutch War and Third Anglo-Dutch War, Dreadnought foundered at sea in October 1690.
San Esteban was a Spanish cargo ship and one of a flotilla of four ships carrying treasure from New Spain (Mexico) to Cuba. Three were wrecked in the storm, including San Esteban in 1554. The remains of San Esteban were found in 1970 and excavated in 1972-73.
Batavia was a ship of the Dutch East India Company, built in Amsterdam in 1628. She sailed on her maiden voyage on 27 October 1628 from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies to obtain spice. During the voyage an unsuccessful mutiny took place. After that Batavia hit a reef off Western Australian coast and sank.
HMS Squirrel was an English exploration vessel launched in the 1570s. Squirrel under the command of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, in 1583 departed for a voyage to Newfoundland and the north-eastern coast of North America. Gilbert went ashore at St John's, Newfoundland to claim the area as England's first overseas colony under Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth. Squirrel was selected as the flagship for his return voyage. On September 9th Squirrel had reached the Azores off the European coast when she ran into a storm and was lost.
She was a Portuguese carrack of 900 ton used for trading with the Far East. Madre de Deus was captured by the British in the Battle of Flores in 1592. Her rich cargo of jewels, fine cloth and spices sparked in the English the interest in the trade with the Far East. Her fate is unknown, though it can be assumed that after being captured, she was renamed and used as an English warship.
Famous wooden-hulled, sidewheel steamer ship that was built in 1849 for transatlantic service with the American Collins Line. SS Pacific set a new transatlantic speed record in the first year of service. Sadly, the ship went missing in year 1856 after only 5 years in operation. In 1861 a message in a bottle found in Scotland declared that the ship was sunk by icebergs. The ship's weight was 2,707 tons and was 85.6 meters long with 13.7 meter long beam. Maximum speed of the ship was 23.2 km/h.
PS Anglia was a paddle steamer passenger ship launched in 1847. She was sold the Confederate States of America in 1861 and used as a blockade runner. She was captured in 1862 by the Union. Consequently, she was commissioned into the Union Navy and renamed Admiral Dupont. On 8 June 1865, she collided with the ship Stadaconda and sunk.
Elizabeth Jonas was the first large English galleon, built in Woolwich Dockyard from 1557 and launched in July 1559. She was a galleon of four masts and 800 ton. The Elizabeth Jonas served during the battle of the Spanish Armada in 1588. After that she was inactive and finally in 1618 deemed unserviceable and broken up.
The Winsby was a fourth-rate frigate of the English Royal Navy, launched in 1654. After the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 she was renamed HMS Happy Return and took part in the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. She was captured by French privateers off Dunkirk in 1691.
Santiago was the supply ship of Magalhães's fleet on his voyage to circumnavigate the globe in 1519-1522. It was the first ship lost on the voyage. Santiago got wrecked in a storm while scouting the coast near the Straits of Magellan in South America. All of its crew survived and made it safely to shore.
SS Shamrock was an iron steamer ordered by the Australian Hunter River Steam Navigation to be built in Bristol, England. She was launched in 1841 and arrived in Australia the same year. After that she served as a passenger-cargo vessel in the coastal area near Sydney. In 1857 she was sold to the Chinese in Shanghai. Last records of SS Shamrock are from 1860 when she got lost in the Chinese Sea.
White Bear was a ship of the English Tudor navy, launched in 1564. She took part in the actions against the Spanish Armada in 1588, under the command of Lord Edmund Sheffield. The White Bear remained in service until 1627, when she was deemed unserviceable, and was sold out of the navy in 1629.
Derfflinger was a Dutch fluyt, a type of ship specific for their round shape with a lowered quarter deck. Prior to 1684, Derfflinger was named Wolkensaule. It was purchased in January 1681 by Benjamin Raule and was used during the war against Spain in May 1681.
SS Baltic was a wooden sidewheel steamer built in 1850 for transatlantic service with the American Collins Line. In 1851 and 1854 she set a record for the fastest steamship in Atlantic. After the Collins Line went bankrupt in 1858 SS Baltic operated along the East Coast of the US. During the American Civil War, she served as a transport ship for the Union. After she was sold in 1870 her steam engine was removed and she served as a sailing ship until she was broken up in 1880.
Mars was a Swedish warship built between 1563 and 1564. It was the leading ship of king Eric XIV of Sweden's fleet and was one of the largest warships of the time. During the Northern Seven Years' War, the ship caught fire and exploded during the first battle of Ã–land in the Baltic Sea which was her first and only sea battle.
The Taunton was a 40-gun fourth-rate frigate of the Navy of Commonwealth, launched in 1654. She took part in the Battle of Porto Farina and Battle of Santa Cruz. She was renamed Crown in 1660 and made part of the Royal Navy. After that she fought in the Anglo-Dutch Wars until she was wrecked in 1719.
Revenge was a race-built galleon (a new style of ship building in the 16th century) in the British Royal Navy. She was sailed by Sir Francis Drake on some of his voyages. He also used her in the Battle of Gravelines against the Spanish Armada in 1588 which ended with the English victory. She was badly damaged in the Battle at Flores in 1591 and sank after being captured by the Spanish.
Langport was a 50-gun third-rate frigate built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England, and launched in 1654. After the Restoration in 1660, she was renamed HMS Henrietta. She was wrecked near Plymouth in 1689.
Delight was one of the ships that accompanied Sir Humphrey Gilbert on his expedition to Newfoundland in 1583. The ship run aground and sank near the Sable Island. Gilbert himself drowned in the wrecking of the ship. The disaster contributed to the temporary abandonment of the English settlement in Newfoundland.
Beaver was a paddlewheel steamer owned by the Hudson Bay's Company, built and launched in Blackwall, England in 1835. She was the first steamship to operate in the Pacific Northwest of North America. In 1862 Beaver was chartered by the Royal Navy for surveying the coastline of British Columbia. Beaver was wrecked in 1888 in Burrard Inlet, Vancouver.
CSS Nashville was a side-wheel passenger steamer originally of United States Mail Service, built at Greenpoint, Brooklyn in 1853. She was captured by the Confederates in 1861 and served in the Confederate Navy. She was sold in February 1862 and renamed Thomas L. Wragg. In November she was sold again to serve as a privateer and renamed Rattlesnake. She ran aground and was destroyed by USS Montauk in 1863.
Dunbar was a 64-gun second rate ship of the English Royal Navy, launched in 1656. She was renamed Henry in 1660. Henry took part in the battles of Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars. The ship was burnt by accident while docked in Chatham in 1682.
The Great Michael was a carrack of the Royal Scottish Navy. Great Michael was to be the biggest and most heavily armed warship of its age. The ship was launched in 1511 after that Michael served in a war with England. In 1514 Scotland sold Michael to France and it was renamed "La Grande Nef d'Ecosse".
SS Arabia was a British steam ship launched in 1897 and owned by P&O (Peninsular & Oriental Steam Company). While returning back to England from Australia in 1916, she was shot by German U boat and sunk.
Friesland was a second rank vessel with 80 guns built around 1663, part of the great fleet of the United Provinces of Holland. In 1672 it took part in the battle of Solebay with the allied Anglo-French forces.
Griffdu was a cargo ship built in Seattle, Washington in 1920. She was renamed Noyo in 1935 and in 1940 was sold to Thailand and renamed Nang Suang Nawa. In 1942 Griffdu was seized and passed to the Ministry of War Transport as Empire Adur. In 1948, Empire Adur was sold to the Thai Maritime Navigation Co and regained her former name of Nang Suang Nawa. She went lost near the Paracel Islands on 23 November 1955.
Orlanda was a German cargo ship, built in 1920 in Hamburg. She was seized by the Allies in May 1945 and renamed Empire Conington. She was sold to Panama in 1949 and renamed Alabe. She was scrapped 1958.
Dainty was a discovery ship previously named Repentance but was renamed in 1589. Dainty was used by the English explorer Sir John Hawkins on his expeditions. Later she served as the flagship on the expedition of his son Richard Hawkins to South America. Here she was captured by the Spanish in 1594 and Hawkins was imprisoned and sent to Spain.
Duyfken was a Dutch ship launched in 1595. She was a fast, lightly armed ship with tonnage 50-60 tons. Duyfken was captained by the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon on his voyage to Bantam when he discovered Australia as the first European in 1606. The ship was damaged beyond repair two years later.
San Martin was a galleon of the Portuguese Navy, launched in 1580. She later became the flagship of Duke of Medina Sidonia, commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armada. It was badly damaged in the Battle of Gravelines against the English fleet but unlike many other ships from Spanish Armada, it had managed to return to Spain.
HMS Jersey was a 40-gun fourth rate frigate of the English Royal Navy, launched in 1654. She fought in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and the Battle of Martinique in 1667. Jersey was captured by the French in 1691.
Hunyad was a passenger ship, launched in 1920 in Fiume, Austria-Hungary. After the First World War, the ship was declared to belong to Yugoslavia and remained laid up in Fiume without being completed. Finally, Hunyad was completed in February 1933 and renamed Jugoslavija. In 1941 she was seized by the Italians and placed into service as the auxiliary cruiser Cattaro. After the War, in 1945, the ship was returned to her previous owners in Yugoslavia. The ship was scrapped in 1947.
SS Great Eastern was a British iron sailing steam ship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, launched in 1858. On her maiden voyage she was damaged by an explosion. After necessary repairs she undertook several transatlantic voyages in the following years. In 1866 she was converted to a cable laying ship and laid the first lasting transatlantic telegraph cable. For a time she served as a floating concert hall and advertisement for a department store. Great Eastern was broken up in 1889.
Godspeed, under Captain Bartholomew Gosnold, was one of the three ships on the 1606-1607 voyage to the New World for the English Virginia Company of London. The journey resulted in the founding of Jamestown in the new Colony of Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in America.
She was a ship built in Japan under the direction of the English navigator and adventurer William Adams for the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu. San Buena Ventura was the first Japanese ship to reach the American continent in 1610 when the shogun lent her to wrecked Spanish sailors so they could return to Mexico.
Chantilly was a French passenger ship, built in 1922. She was captured by the British in 1941. During the war, she served as a hospital ship until being damaged by an explosion near Mumbai, India. After the war, she was repaired and returned to her French owners. Chantilly was scrapped in 1952.